4 Reasons Why Becoming a Nursing Assistant is a Good Start to Your Career in Healthcare

Being a nursing assistant, or Certified Nurse Assistant – CNA, means working in healthcare centers and hospitals where you will be helping patients with their regular, daily needs, as well as monitor their overall health. This includes measuring their temperature, blood pressure, sugar level, and make sure that their food is brought in accordance with their dietary restrictions. This means bathing patients, helping them move, especially if they are elders or if they have suffered an accident that has left the patient with a temporary or permanent mobility impairment. You will be working under the supervision of registered nurses, and below, we have analyzed the benefits of being a CNA.

1.    You only need a training course

You do not need a college degree in order to be a CNA. Certifications are issued by the state, and all you need to do is undergo a training accredited by the state. You will receive further training on the job, because a CNA needs to be able to individualize and make sure that each patient receives the type of care calibrated to their needs, rather than follow overall guidelines for all patients. You will need to learn some basic procedures and protocols, which is why it is important to obtain as much knowledge as possible from the training courses.

2.    Certification

Before you become eligible to work as a nursing assistant, and begin your career in healthcare by proxy, you will need to get a certification which will give you the title of certified nursing assistant, or CNA, which will make you eligible for working in the field. You will need to sit through the Certified Nursing Assistant Competency Test. It is a mandatory exam where your skills and knowledge from the training program are tested, and your proficiency as a nursing assistant is established. In some states, you can look for work even before you’ve sat the exam, but for no longer than four months before you sit the exam.

3.    Easy to begin your career as CNA

Certified nursing assistants are in high demand, and you will not have any trouble finding work after you’ve finished the training courses and taken the licensure exam. There are plenty of work opportunities in many different work settings, and the best thing about it is that if you wish to extend your knowledge and widen your prospects, you will be encouraged by most hospitals and health centers to get a bachelor’s degree in nursing, or an associate’s degree and become a registered nurse, which is a step upward in your career in healthcare.

4.    Furthering your career is easy and diverse

One of the best aspects of being a certified nursing assistant is the career prospects and opportunities. Many workplaces and employers aid their employees in obtaining higher degrees so that they can undertake more complicated tasks. When it comes to nursing, if you work at a big metropolitan hospital, you can specialize in many different healthcare fields, from pharmacology to neonatal nursing. There is no limit to fields or specializations – all of them are needed and nurses in many different fields are in high demand. So you can choose any of those without losing your position – only gaining a promotion which is highly beneficial for you and your career.


Red-eyed Tree Frog, or Red-eyed Leaf Frog. This female was photographed a long time ago at the OTS Finca La Selva Biological Station near Puerto Viejo de Sarapiqui in Costa Rica. As strikingly brilliant as it’s red eyes may be, vocally this is a most unimpressive frog–as it’s dry weak “cluck” sound confirms, you can’t have everything.

Frogs and toads hop, swim, crawl and climb across all continents except Antarctica. Their variety and diversity increases as you move from the colder regions towards the equator. It is the warm humid tropical forest realms that have the greatest number of species. Here, in this moist and near constant temperature, species have evolved and specialized over thousands of years. Frogs fill a variety of niches, nooks and crannies, from typical pond and streams, the forest leaf litter, to the canopy.

Costa Rica lies squarely in the tropics, at a crossroads connecting North and South America. This “rich coast” country, is bordered to the east by the warm Caribbean, and the Atlantic Ocean, and to the west by the Pacific Ocean. In between these coasts, lie lowland jungles, mountain forest draped in mosses, alpine tundra, and dry forest–and all adorned with anurans (frogs and toads that is).

Costa Rica hosts 133 species of frogs and toads placed into 8 families. Frogs and toads together form the Order Anura. This is where the term anurans comes from, just another way of saying those amphibians without tails, the “frogs and toads”. The Costa Rican Anurans are a very diverse lot, including dazzlingly gaudy poison dart frogs, and nearly invisibly camouflaged eleutherodactylid litter frogs. Their numbers include the pinky-nail sized froglets, to the fist-sized Smoky Jungle Frog, and behemoth (larger than fist-sized) Marine Toad,. There are short legged ground dwellers, strong-legged pond hoppers, and suction-cupped equipped long-limbed leaf-climbers, all finding food, trying not to be food, and seeing that enough of their frog eggs make it to adult frogs, to survive in a dynamic world.

Peeping, croaking, barking, whistling, rattling, and trilling are a few of the descriptions of frogs calling. Why do frogs call? The quick answer is to attract a mate, and to defend a territory (at least that’s why birds do). Many frogs call infrequently or not at all outside of the breeding season. In an evergreen rainforest environment, breeding occurs when sufficient rain has filled temporary breeding ponds and pools. Such temporary breeding areas will at times explode into a cacophony of several species of frogs all calling and competing for mates. This in turn attract still more frogs to the chorus, as well as frog predators.

The fact that so many frogs are nocturnal–that they operate under the cover of darkness, and that their predominant colorings are greens, browns, tans, and banded or blotched with darker tones, just yells or rather whispers “cryptic, camouflage and stealth”. Yet when it is the breeding season–they grab a megaphone, and turn it up to max and yell, “Hey, Hey, Over Here”, and yell they do with all of of their might, over and over again. OK, Megaphone–no, but an amplifying device called a vocal sac yes.. We’ve all seen the images of the frog with the inflated vocal sac under the chin. The male frogs inflate this sac, and then pushes air through vocal slits in the throat, causing vibrations. These vibrations then resonate in this pressurized air-filled sac or membrane. The point is, that frogs that often act more like army men on a mission than show-off poison-dart frogs, are now making a lot of noise, and in doing so they are putting themselves at great risk. They do this for the survival of their genes, and their species. Apparently, there’s no frog future without pond side peril in the form of pursuing predators in the present. So they squeak, chur, chip chirp and growl for all they are worth. And to a sound recordist, their calls and utterances, place them amongst the most worthy.

New Demands for Healthcare Administration in Real Time

It is obvious to all of us that healthcare is one of the crucial areas of human activity overall. To start with, when a person is thinking about healthcare, the first thing and the first contributors to this field that come to mind are doctors and nurses, of course. However, the healthcare system as a whole is not all down to the ones who have direct contact with their patients and who directly contribute to their general body health. The fact is that doctors and technicians would by no means be able to complete their everyday tasks successfully if there was not for a person that would coordinate their work and organize their timetable. That is when healthcare administration takes the stage since healthcare administrators are in the first place responsible for managing the staff in a certain healthcare facility. Therefore, the aim of this article is to bring to light what their duties exactly are and to point out how the demand to provide healthcare administration in real time has increased.

Various Tasks of Healthcare Administration

Firstly, let us determine what healthcare administration itself is and what the main responsibilities of healthcare administrators are. To start with, healthcare administrators have a huge responsibility on them – their task is to manage the operation of a healthcare facility on daily basis. Their main duty is to handle and manage the staff, in order to have all the tasks completed in due time during each day. According to an expert in the field, a CEO in Massachusetts Bryan Ayers, it is a complex and ever challenging working position:”The days are long, the work is never done, but there are always opportunities to improve what we do to benefit those we serve.”

Since various tasks have to be successfully completed in a short time of a single day and there are various things to pay attention to while creating a daily working schedule for a healthcare facility, healthcare administrators must handle numerous pieces of information and they must make the operation of a healthcare facility reach the requirements set on a daily basis. It is obvious that the ones who work in healthcare administration are under the demand to operate in real time. The next question that might pop up is what enables those healthcare workers to complete their complex and numerous tasks in real time?

How Technology Enables Healthcare Administration in Real Time

We have already explained what a broad range of duties healthcare administration brings. Therefore, one may deliberately claim that managing a healthcare facility nowadays is a close equivalent to running an entire city, without exaggerating. What helps healthcare administrators reach their daily expectations and provide the successful operation of a certain healthcare facility is technology. We are all informed about the rapid development of high technology and the booming of new technological devices that can be found on the market recently. Nowadays, it is impossible to imagine any area of human activity to exist without technology. That is because technology provides people with the ability to complete their working tasks in real time and therefore to contribute to the area they are engaged in.

The same applies to healthcare administration. When it comes to healthcare administrators, high technology and its resources may help them organize the daily schedule and preserve all the information they need to handle in order to provide successful operation of the staff and the facility.

Example: A Study on How Technology Benefits Healthcare Administration

There was a recent study, which examined the hospitals’ struggle to solve essential operational issues. The research was conducted by renowned specialists Cameron Lawrence, David Firth and Floyd Khumalo and published in Information Systems Education Journal. It was dedicated to Western United States medical center and its focus was on studying the benefits of technology on healthcare administration. Since the examiners noticed that the medical centre mentioned was struggling from severe inefficiencies in operating, which cost the facility millions, a new CEO was hired and there were attempts to increase the efficiency of the medical centre by imposing an information system in a form of Real Time Location System. The CEO who took over the administration of the medical centre immediately took an action of resorting to technological resources in order to improve the overall operation of the centre. The results of the study show how the efficiency of the facility examined have increased thanks to the usage of high technology for its benefit. The complete study, as well as the results, can be found on the following website: http://isedj.org/2013-11/N5/ISEDJv11n5p49.html.

To sum up, technology seems to be inevitable in reaching the goals of any working position nowadays. This definitely applies to healthcare administration. According to the newest demands, it is not enough for health administrators to be highly resourceful and have exceptional skills. Therefore, in order to manage the staff in real time more efficiently and to provide a certain healthcare facility with a successful operation, healthcare administrators must resort to using high technology that will benefit their work in a great deal.


The Costa Rican toads include two fairly obvious groups; the true toads in the genus Bufo, and the harlequin frogs in the genus Atelopus.

Few examples of a crisis and conservation concerns are as poingent, or dire as that of the toads in Costa Rica.

Of the 14 species of toads listed for this small republic, 4 or more of them are already thought to be extint, or nearly so. The most famous of these lost amphibians is the Golden Toad (Bufo periglenes). While this once spectacular explosive breeder would show up at breeding pools with the rains annually in the Cordillera de Tilaran in the Monteverde Cloud Forest Preserve, they have not been seen since 1987. A Google image search still yields close to 5000 results for “Golden Toad”. The species lived recently enough to be relatively well photographed, but it is now extant, only in memory, and as specimens and jpegs.

Marine Toad (Bufo marinus)–above. One of the 14 species of toads found in Costa Rica. This one is in the family subfamily Bufoninae, a Bufo or “true toad”. Note the classic warty skin, and the swollen bumps behind the eyes. Bufos produce toxins to make themselves unpalatable to things that would eat them.
Bufo sp. another of the “true toads”
(Atelopus zeteki) is an example of a harlequin frog. These harlequin “frogs” and the toads in the genus Bufo are members of the toad family Bufonidae. The species above, the Panama Golden Frog is found in neighboring Panama. The Costa Rican Atelopus species included several abundant or very common examples. Most of of these species suffered dramatic population declines in the late 1980s and early 1990s, and are now locally extinct.

Glass Frogs

Small frogs mostly 2 to 3 centimeters in length, usually green, with their eyes pointed forward. These frogs are usually found near streams, holding on to leaves. They lay their eggs on the leaves that overhang the water and the adult frogs will protect the egg masses. When the tadpoles are ready to hatch they fall to the stream coinciding with rains, perhaps to conceal their entrance into the water.

Glass frogs have transparent skin on their bellies through which you can see their digestive track, and their hearts may be seen beating. This transparency gives them the name “glass frogs”. So much to say about so little a critter. Glass frogs have green bones, yet another amazing adaptation, in acheiving enough concealment to survive against the many specialized predators with which they share the forests of Central and South America.

We share a world with amazing creatures, great and small. Many of such, are easily overlooked, and at time even invisible to the determined observer. There will soon come a time when such small marvels are even more difficult to observe, as with age hearing wanes and falters. The high frequencies disappear first, and it is in these registers, that the glass frogs call, with short, sharp chips. How I would know that glass frogs were about was by listening.. and now, or soon, I’ll be left just hoping that they are still there, hanging from the leaves, adhering to the surfaces as they dangle over streams, guarding their clear, jewel-like eggs.

To me their translucent green and often speckled skin on the topside only further cements the name and notion of glass frog.



(Cochranella albomaculata) Yellow-flecked Glassfrog photographed near the Los Patos Field Station, Corcovado National Park, Puntarenas Province, Costa Rica (Note the green bones)

Links: Centrolenidae (Glass frogs) 

The mp3 sound file which is supposed to play when this page loads, includes a sea of nocturnal insects, and the sharp, short, high-pitched metalic sounds of the species pictured above. They were calling from rainforest along a creek at night.

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Poison-dart Frogs
This group of frogs owe their name to the fact that several species of South American Dendrobatids have been used by Amerindians to coat the tips of their blow darts and or arrows, with the toxic secretions from these frog’s skin. Have a blow dart, or an arrow? Do you need to make it more lethal, or give it more stopping power? One answer was to find a special brightly colored frog, and to either rub the arrow tips on its back, or to cook, or sweat the poison out of it, and capture the toxic liquids that dripped off. Some frogs are so toxic, that you should not even handle them with uncovered hands. This is not so much the case with the 8 Dendrobatid that occur in Costa Rica. However the uses and treatments of such amazing creatures underscores their evolutionary path.

These are frogs that are active during the day, they are for the most part, brilliantly colored or at least adorned with bold stripes. This to would-be frog-eaters is should be an obvious message “eat me, and you will be sick, or worst than sick”

Polar opposite to camouflage, this is aposematic coloration, or warning coloration, as is the yellow and black of bees, and the bright banding on a coral snake. The toxic secretions of these frogs is dependent upon diet. Captive raised poison-dart frogs which are not fed ants,do not develop the toxins necessary to back up the threat,which has led to their niche, that of a slow diurnal insectivorous amphibean.–one that can look pretty, and sing proudly in the light of day, or at least where some of it might penetrate the canopy.



Dendrobates pumilio the Strawberry poison-dart frog, or the Blue jeans poison-dart frog is a fairly common small frog of the forest floor, and lower level of the lowland Caribbean Rainforest. The sound which should load with this page, is insect-like, and while the piece provided here is just a snippet, it is not uncommon to hear several males singing from low perches, each with a song like this however lasting upwards of a minute.

Links: Dendrobatidae (Poison-dart frogs)

(Phyllobates lugubris)–above, is the striped poison dart frog of the Caribbean lowlands and foothills. The trilled call of this species is heard low near the forest floor. This individual was heard, photographed and sound recorded at OTS Finca La Selva. The voice of (P. lugubris) has a plaintive ringing quality.

(Phyllobates vittats)–left, is the striped poison-dart frog of the Pacific lowland rainforest in Costa Rica. The vocalizations of frogs are used to advertise the presence of a male. Male frogs want to both attract a mate, and protect a territory, or a space within their habitat.

The male (P. vittatus) to the left has actually been drawn to the top of this rotting log in Corcovado N.P. by playing back a recording of its own song. Male poison-dart frogs are very territorial, and aggressive towards tresspassers.

If you are standing and playing a recording in their territory, you may end up with poison-dart frog on the toes of your rubber boots.

The original photo included part of the tape recording equipment. The recorder was being played on the log–and “presto-dendro-batid”

(Dendrobates granuliferus) -right, photgraphed in Corcovado National Park, Costa Rica, lowlands near the Sirena Field Station. The Pacific rainforest counterpart to the much better known, and more often photographed (Dendrobates pumilio) of the Caribbean versant.

(Dendrobates auratus)-left, the black and green poison-dart frog, is found on the southern Pacific rainforest of Costa Rica. Personally I’ve seen and photographed very few from near the Sirena Field Station in Corcovado N.P.

Though the individual photographed to the left is from a captive individual. This does seem to be one of the more common captive bred species.

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